The Income Tax Act provides that on determination of the gross total incomeof an assessee after considering income from all the heads, certain deductions therefrom may be allowed. These deductions detailed in chapter VIA of theIncome Tax Act must be distinguished from the exemptions provides in Section 10 of the Act. While the former are to be reduced from the gross total income, the latter do not form part of the income at all.
The chart given below describes the deductions allowable under chapter VIA of the I.T. Act from the gross total income of the assessees having income from salaries.
|SECTION||NATURE OF DEDUCTION||REMARKS|
|80CCC||Payment of premium for annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer Deduction is available upto a maximum of Rs. 10,000/-||The premium must be deposited to keep in force a contract for an annuity plan of the LIC or any other insurer for receiving pension from the fund. The Finance Act 2006 has enhanced the ceiling of deduction under Section 80CCC from Rs.10,000 to Rs. 1,00,000 with effect from 1.4.2007.|
|80CCD||Deposit made by an employee in his pension account to the extent of 10% of his salary.||Where the Central Government makes any contribution to the pension account, deduction of such contribution to the extent of 10% of salary shall be allowed. Further, in any year where any amount is received from the pension account such amount shall be charged to tax as income of that previous year. The Finance Act, 2009 has extended benefit to any individual assesse, not being a Central Government employee.|
|80CCF||Subscription to long term infrastructure bonds||Subscription made by individual or HUF to the extent of Rs. 20,000 to notified long term infrastructure bonds is exempt from A.Y. 2011-12 onwards. This deduction is discontinued wef A.Y. 2013-14.|
|80D||Payment ofmedical insurance premium. Deduction is available upto Rs.15,000/ for self/ family and also upto Rs. 15,000/- for insurance in respect of parent/ parents of the assessee.
In case of senior citizens, a deduction upto Rs.20,000/- shall be available under this Section. Insurance premiume of senior citizen parent/ parents of the assessee also eligible for enhanced deduction of Rs. 20000/-
|The premium is to be paid by any mode of payment other than cash and the insurance scheme should be framed by the General Insurance Corporation of India & approved by the Central Govt. or Scheme framed by any other insurer and approved by the Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority. The premium should be paid in respect of health insurance of the assessee or his family members. The Finance Act 2008 has also provided deduction upto Rs. 15,000!- in respect of health insurance premium paid by the assessee towards his parent/parents. w.e.f. 01.04.2011, contributions made to the Central Government Health Scheme is also covered under this section.|
|80DD||Deduction of Rs.40,000/ –
– In respect of (a) expenditure incurred on medical treatment, (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative. (b) Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of dependent handicapped relative. W.e.f. 01 .04.2004 the deduction under this section has been enhanced to Rs.50,000/
– Further, if the dependent is a person with severe disability a deduction of Rs.1,00,000!- shall be available under this section
|The handicapped dependent should be a dependent relative suffering from a permanent disability (including blindness) or mentally retarded, as certified by a specified physician or psychiatrist.
Note: A person with severe disability means a person with 80% or more of one or more disabilities as outlined in section 56(4) of the “Persons with Disabilities (Equal opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act.,”
|80DDB||Deduction of Rs.40,000/- in respect of medical expenditure incurred.
W.e.f. 0 1.04.2004, deduction under this section shall be available to the extent of Rs.40,000/- or the amount actually paid, whichever is less.
In case of senior citizens, a deduction upto Rs.60,000/- shall be available under this Section.
|Expenditure must be actually incurred by resident assessee on himself or dependent relative for medical treatment of specified disease or ailment. The diseases have been specified in Rule 11DD. A certificate in form 10I is to be furnished by the assessee from a specialist working in a Government hospital.|
|80E||Deduction in respect of payment in the previous year of interest on loan taken from a financial institution or approved charitable institution for higher studies.||This provision has been introduced to provide relief to students taking loans for higher studies. The payment of the interest thereon will be allowed as deduction over a period of upto 8 years. Further, by Finance Act, 2007 deduction under this section shall be available not only in respect of loan for pursuing higher education by self but also by spouse or
children of the assessee.
W.e.f. 01.04.2010 higher education means any course of study pursued after passing the senior secondary examination or its equivalent from any recognized school, board or university.
|80G||Donation to certain funds, charitable institutions etc.||The various donations specified in Sec. 80G are eligible for
deduction upto either 100% or 50% with or without restriction as provided in Sec. 80G
|80GG||Deduction available is the least of(i) Rent paidless 10% of total income
ii. Rs.2000 per month
iii. 25% of total income
|(1) Assessee or his spouse or minor child should not own residential accommodation at the place of employment.(2) He should not be in receipt of house rent allowance.
(3) He should not have a self-occupied residential premises in any other place
|80U||Deduction of Rs.50,000/- to an individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. Further, if the individual is a person with severe disability, deduction of Rs.75,000/- shall be available u/s 80U.
W.e.f. 01.04.2010 this limit has been raised to Rs. 1 lakh.
|Certificate should be obtained on prescribed format from a notified ‘Medical authority’.|
|80RRB||Deduction in respect of any income by way of royalty in respect of a patent registered on or after 01.04.2003 under the Patents Act 1970 shall be available as :-Rs. 3 lacs or the income received, whichever is less.||The assessee who is a patentee must be an individual resident in India. The assessee must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form duly signed by the prescribed authority alongwith the return of income.|
|80QQB||Deduction in respect of royalty or copyright income received in consideration for authoring any book of literary, artistic or scientific nature other than text book shall be available to the extent of Rs. 3 lacs or income received, whichever is less.||The assessee must be an individual resident in India who receives such income in exercise of his profession. To avail of this deduction, the assessee must furnish a certificate in the prescribed form along with the return of income.|
|80C||This section has been introduced by the Finance Act, 2005.Broadly speaking, this section provides deduction from total income in respect of various investments/ expenditures/payments in respect of which tax rebate u/s 88 was earlier available. The total deduction under this section is limited to Rs. 1 lakh only.|
The following investments/payments are inter alia eligible for deduction u/s 80C:-
|Life Insurance Premium||For individual, policy must be in the name of self or spouse or any child’s name. For HUF, it may be on life of any member of HUF.|
|Sum paid under contract for deferred annuity||For individual, on life of self, spouse or any child of such individual.|
|Sum deducted from salary payable to Govt. Servant for securing deferred annuity for self, spouse or child||Payment limited to 20% of salary.|
|Contribution made under Employee’s Provident Fund Scheme||—|
|Contribution to PPF||For individual, can be in the name of self/spouse, any child & for HUF, it can be in the name of any member of the family.|
|Contribution by employee to a Recognised Provident Fund.||—|
|Subscription to any notified securities/notified deposits scheme.||—|
|Subscription to any notified savings certificates.||e.g. NSC VIII issue.|
|Contribution to Unit Linked Insurance Plan of LIC Mutual Fund||e.g. Dhanrakhsa 1989|
|Contribution to notified deposit scheme/Pension fund set up by the National Housing Bank.||—|
|Certain payment made by way of instalment or part payment of loan taken for purchase! construction of residential house property.||Condition has been laid that in case the property is transferred before the expiry of 5 years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him, the aggregate amount of deduction of income so allowed for various years shall be liable to tax in that year.|
|Subscription to units of a Mutual Fund notified u/s 1 0(23D)||—|
|Subscription to deposit scheme of a public sector company engaged in providing housing finance.||—|
|Subscription to equity shares! debentures forming part of any approved eligible issue of capital made by a public company or public financial institutions.||—|
|Tuition fees paid at the time of admission or otherwise to any school, college, university or other educational institution situated within India for the purpose of full time education.||Available in respect of any two children.|
|Any term deposit for a fixed period of not less than five years with the scheduled bank.||This has been included in Section 80C by the Finance Act 2006.|
|Subscription to notified bonds issued by NABARD||This has been included in Section 80C by the Finance Act 2007 and has come into effect from 1.4.2008.|
|Payment made into an account under the Senior Citizens Savings Scheme Rules, 2004||This has been introduced by Finance Act, 2008 and shall come into effect from 1.4.2009.|
|Payment made as five year time deposit in an account under the Post Office Time Deposit Rules, 1981||This has been introduced by Finance Act, 2008 and shall come into effect from 1.4.2009.|
It may be noted that the aggregate amount of deductions under sections 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD are subject to an overall ceiling of Rs.1 lakh.